Help and advice for the volunteer gardener...............
Sue's Index of Plants in our walled garden
In autumn rake up leaves in your garden (beech leaves are best) and place them in a large bin bag. If you chop them up with a spade or shredder they will decompose faster.
When the bag is half full, sprinkle the leaves with water - and again when full. Compress and continue to add leaves and water until really full. Tie the bag and make a few holes to allow in some air.
After a year or maybe two years, the leaf-mould will be well-rotted and will be ideal to help improve the soil structure and retain moisture - AND IT’S FREE.
Janet and Nelly have planted:
Ox Eye daisies, Red Clover, Knapweed, Self-heal, Betony, Great burnet, Ladies bedstraw, Hedge bedstraw, Autumn hawkbit, Yarrow, Quaking grass, Tufted vetch, Field scabeous, Viper’s Bugloss, Bird’s foot trefoil, Yellow Rattle (to reduce the grass). Some Campions were also added this Spring.
Lift clumps with a fork.
Cut away and discard the oldest parts.
Use only current season's growth for re-planting.
Trim the leaves to stumps, 2" to 3" long.
Replant the rhizomes on a slight ridge of soil, covering the roots but leaving the tops exposed to the sun they like to be baked).
SOIL TYPE: Any well drained soil that does not dry out.
Grows in partial shade but requires full sun for fruit to form and ripen.
Flowers in Summer
PRUNING METHOD; Winter pruning
PROPAGATION: In Spring by seed or Autumn by semi-ripe cuttings in mid Summer, or layering in Winter.
TO OBTAIN FRUITS, BOTH MALE AND FEMALE PLANTS MUST BE GROWN
Common Passion Flower
SOIL Fertile, well-drained.
ASPECT Sun or partial shade.
PRUNE Thin-out and spur back in spring.
PROPAGATE Seed in spring or semi-ripe cuttings in summer.
FLOWERS July onwards
Common roadside plant in South America.
Feed with balanced fertiliser in early spring, then every eight weeks.
Other common names
Arbutus are evergreen trees and shrubs with small, bell-shaped creamy-white or pink flowers, and red, strawberry-like fruits in autumn
A. unedo is a large evergreen shrub of bushy habit, with rough brown bark and dark green leathery leaves. Flowers urn-shaped, white, appearing as the strawberry-like red fruits, from the previous years flowers, ripen
S Europe, SW Ireland, Asia Minor
Common Honeysuckle Woodbine
SOIL TYPE Any well drained fertile soil
Requires full sun or semi-shade
FLOWERING TIME Early Summer to early Autumn
PRUNING METHOD Prune flowered wood after flowering to restrain growth.
PROPAGATION: Seed in Autumn, semi-ripe cuttings in Summer, hardwood cuttings in Autumn
BERRIES SHOULD NOT BE EATEN, MAY CAUSE MILD STOMACH UPSET.